Understanding to predict
iEES Paris has a wide range of expertise in virtually all areas of ecology, from population dynamics to ecosystem ecology, through the processes of adaptation, microbial ecology and ecology of social organisms. It is also one of the first French poles in science of soil and water, particularly recognized for its expertise on biogeochemical cycles, physics and soil biology, the dynamics of watersheds. Last, it develops very original works in sensory ecology, focused on environmental physiology, neurophysiology and genomics of insect olfaction in the context of global changes.
iEES Paris uses a variety of methods: mathematics, statistics, long-term observations, field experiments, experiments in controlled conditions, isotopic chemistry, molecular biology. The modelling of ecological systems at various scales of time and space is performed in all teams as a tool for synthesis and concept development, and a tool for the prediction of environment evolution.
Understanding to act
iEES Paris contributes to the development of innovative tools and strategies for the rehabilitation of degraded environments, environmentally sustainable management of biological resources and ecosystem services, and adaptation to global changes. It establishes short and medium-term partnerships with public authorities, private companies and non-governmental organizations. It promotes interdisciplinary research within permanent transversal programmes.
Using ecological theory and the latest results of research, iEES Paris works on the ways to better control natural and artificial ecological systems in order to improve their performance and durability. It develops indicators of ecosystem quality as a tool for decision-making and evaluation of environmental management. The research focuses on biodiversity as a major determinant of the characteristics of the environment.
The urban lifestyle has become the dominant way of life of human beings. iEES Paris works on cities, suburban and impacted rural areas by applying the current concepts and methods of ecology. The objectives are to better understand the functioning and dynamics of the urban environment, to promote a more sustainable and efficient management of living organisms and ecological processes in cities, and to bridge the gap between ecological constraints and energy, economic, social and cultural constraints in the city of tomorrow.
Environmental and ecological risks in the South
The iEES Paris staffs have a long tradition of collaborative research in southern countries, especially in Africa and Asia. They assess the impact of human activities on the environment, natural resources and human health, and they participate in research projects on the alternative management of ecological systems and the rehabilitation of degraded environments. They also study the likely impacts of climate change, loss of biodiversity and pollution on the quality of environment and ecosystem services and contribute to the development of adaptation strategies.
Evolution and functioning of systems
One of the great challenges of modern ecology is to assess the relative contributions and interactions between ecological processes acting in relatively short-term and evolutionary processes acting in medium and long terms in the response of ecological systems to local and global changes. iEES Paris has the basic skills to tackle this issue and conduct collective research projects, mainly through modelling and experiments in controlled conditions.