The “Tropical and mediterranean cropping system functioning and management” joint research unit (UMR System) produces knowledge and tools to assess and design cropping systems combining economic efficiency and the production of environmental services.
In Mediterranean and tropical areas, it explores the hypothesis whereby the biological diversity of species cultivated in the same place fosters ecological intensification.
UMR System has a work force of around forty people, including 33 permanent staff. It is under the authority of the CIRAD Performance of Tropical Production and Processing Systems department (Persyst), the INRA Environment and Agronomy department (EA), the Montpellier SupAgro Environments, Production, Resources and Systems department (MPRS) and the CIHEAM-IAMM.
The Unit’s scientific project sets out to explore the properties of multi-species cropping systems and the room for manoeuvre that their management allows for efficient and sustainable production of the different ecosystem services that societies expect from agriculture.